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About Prague and Czech Republic
ABOUT PRAGUE
 

Prague, the capital city of the Czech Republic, lies in the heart of Europe and ranks amongst the most impressive historical cities in the world. The city has always played an important part in the history of the nation, country and Europe. Since medieval times, Prague has been distinguished as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Prague is not only a centre of cultural movements dating back for centuries (Art from every period in history can be found here), it also exhibits a unique collection of historical monuments, dominated by Prague Castle. Since 1992, the historical core of the city (866 hectares) has been listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Register as a town with a unique and lively blend of Roman, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Art Nouveau and Cubist architecture.Prague was one of nine European cities awarded the title European City of Culture in 2000. Prague has around 1.2 million inhabitants. Since May 1st , 2004 the Czech Republic has been a member of the European Union. For more information, visit the website www.pis.cz. Prague remains the greatest tourist magnet. It is beautiful all year round, but it is most beautiful in spring, when it comes alive with blossom. With the opening of the Prague Spring Festival, the concert halls and gardens of the city attract music-lovers from all over the world. Winter, however, is a time for people to visit the mountains. The Giant Mountains (Krkonoše) are the highest and most beautiful range in the country. Summer is a time for hiking in the countryside or swimming in the countless lakes and reservoirs. At this time of year South Bohemia, with its lakes and extensive forests, is the place to visit. Autumn is best during the wine festival in South Moravia after the grapes have been harvested. The Czech Republic has much to offer to tourists from all around the world.  

 

Prague Transportation

Metro

The Prague Metro network consists of 3 lines designated by letters and differentiated in colour:  A - green colour (Skalka station - Dejvicka station),  B - yellow colour (Cerny most station - Zlicin station),  C - red colour (Nadrazi Holesovice station - from 6/2004 extended to Ladvi - Haje station), with transfers possible at Museum station (lines A and C), Mustek station (lines A and B), Florenc station (lines B and C). Metro operates daily from 5 a.m. to 12 p.m..

Trams

Daytime operation is from 4:30 a.m. to 24:00 a.m. Nighttime operation is from 00:30 a.m. to 4:30 a.m. and is provided by tram numbers 51 to 58 with traffic intervals 30 minutes. The central transfer-station for nighttime lines is Lazarska stop. Tram schedules are located at individual stops.

Buses

The daytime and nighttime operation of buses is similar to tram operation. Nighttime service is provided by bus numbers 501 to 514. Bus schedules are located at individual stops.

Taxi

When taking a taxi, make sure the taxi is equipped with a permanently installed yellow roof lamp with the TAXI sign in black letters. The registration number, company name and price list including the base rate, rate per kilometre and one-minute-waiting rate must be displayed on both front doors of the cab. These prices must correspond with the prices set on the meter in the cab. Customers are recommended to order a taxi with non-stop dispatching offices where the information on fares is available in advance.

Prague City Transport Fares

Travelling by city transport is possible with a valid ticket only. Passengers have to obtain their tickets before boarding the vehicle or entering the Metro system. The ticket is valid only if marked in the validation appliance.

Fares

Transfer ticket                      26,- Kc

Discounted (children 6 to 15) 13,- Kc

The ticket is valid for 75 minutes after marking. During off-peak hours, i.e. 8 p.m. to 5 a.m. on working days and all day Saturdays and Sundays ticket validity is lengthened to 90 minutes.

Nontransfer ticket                 18,-Kc

Discounted (children 6 to 15)  9,- Kc

In trams and buses a nontransfer ticket is valid for 20 minutes after marking and does not allow changing of lines. In the underground the nontransfer ticket is valid for 5 stations after marking (excluding the starting station) and allows transfers between the underground lines. Time validity of the nontransfer ticket in the underground is limited to 30 minutes.

nontransfer tickets are not valid on night trams and buses and for the Petrin Funicular.

The prices may be increased during the year.

Tourist Tickets

for 24 hours 80,- Kc

for 3 days (72 hours) 220,- Kc

for 7 days (168 hours) 280,- Kc

for 15 days (360 hours) 320,- Kc

These tickets are valid for all the city transport facilities and allow transfers. On such a ticket, owner's name and the date of birth have to be filled in. The ticket is valid from the moment of its marking. These tickets can be bought in the Information Centres of the Prague Information Service (PIS).

Ticket Inspection

The validity of tickets can be checked by the ticket inspectors of Dopravni podnik at any time during travel or stay in the Metro system. The ticket inspector is entitled to ask the passenger to produce his or her valid ticket, to confiscate invalid tickets, and to collect a penalty (800 Kc, if paid at once 400 Kc) in case of travel without a valid ticket. In case of unpaid freight the inspector collects a penalty 50 Kc. To prove their identity, inspectors produce yellow-and-red badges. They issue receipts for the penalty amounts.

ABOUT CZECH REPUBLIC
 

The Czech Republic is a small country in the heart of Europe, which has an appeal for visitors. Thanks to it‘s location at the crossroads of various cultures, the Czech Republic has countless cultural and historical points of interest, these destinations attracted a relatively high number of foreign tourists even before the velvet revolution. Aside from the Czechs, Moravians, Silesians, Slovaks, Germans, Polish, Roms and other nationalities also inhabit the culturally diverse country. Over the centuries a number of Czech men and women have become famous throughout the world - Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV, reformer John Huss (Jan Hus), the "Teacher of Nations" Comenius (Jan Amos Komensky), composers Bedrich Smetana, Antonin Dvorak and Leos Janacek, writers Jaroslav Hasek, Karel Capek and Franz Kafka, Nobel Prize winners Jaroslav Heyrovsky and Jaroslav Seifert, opera stars Emmy Destinn and Jarmila Novotna etc. The Czech Republic is a country of great historical and cultural importance, a country where historic monuments and entire towns have been included in the World Heritage List. The Czech Republic also has good venues available for congress, cultural, market, incentive and spa tourism. The Czech Republic has much to offer to tourists from all around the world. There is something for everyone here

Time difference

The Czech Republic is in Central European Time Zone. Central European Time (CET) is 1 hour ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+1). After last Sunday in March the time in the Czech Republic is shifted back by 1 hour to Central European Time and this lasts until the end of September.

Weather/Temperature

Prague is a city with mixture of oceanic and continental climate, average winter temperature is  5 degrees of Celsius, average summer temperature is 20 degrees of Celsius. Annual precipitation 500 - 700 mm. For actual weather go to
www.novinky.cz/pocasi.

Currency

The Czech currency is called the Czech crown. In circulation are banknotes of the following value: 5,000, 2,000, 1,000, 500, 200, 100 and 50 crowns and coins of the following value: 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 crowns and 50 halers. Exchange offices and ATM machines are easily available throughout the town and at Prague International Airport. It is adviable to exchange money in banks rather than in the high street exchange offices. The approximate exchange rate as per December 2006 is: 1€ = 27,5 CZK. For up to date exchange rates please visit
www.cnb.cz

Visa

All foreign visitors to the Czech Republic must possess a passport valid for at least the next 3 months. Participants who require a visa should apply in advance to the consular offices of the Czech Republic or diplomatic mission in their country in order to avoid delays in travel arrangements to the meeting. Please note that the Visa application procedure can take up to 2 months. For more information about Visa requirements please join
www.mzv.cz. For more information about Czech Republic please visit website www.czech.cz.

Restaurant/Cuisin

Czech cuisine is typical of Middle European gastronomy, yet clearly reflects a number of Czech elements – e.g. bread or fruit dumplings, various kind of soups, sauces, numerous potato dishes, cake and wide range of festive dishes.  In general, Czech gastronomy means roasted pork with dumplings and sauerkraut, potato pancakes, plum dumplings and bilberry cakes...and of course Czech drinks – primarily beer and first-rate wines from South Moravia, not to mention „Slivovice“, a clear czech plum brandy and Becherovka, a delicious herbal elixir. Tipping: Almost always included in hotel and restaurant bills. A further tip of a few coins is appropriate. Typical percentage for tipping in restaurants is – 5-10%...